- Introduction ::SingaporeBackground:Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.Geography ::SingaporeLocation:Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and IndonesiaGeographic coordinates:1 22 N, 103 48 EArea:total: 697 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 192land: 687 sq kmwater: 10 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:193 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nmexclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practiceClimate:tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstormsTerrain:lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserveElevation extremes:lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 mhighest point: Bukit Timah 166 mNatural resources:fish, deepwater portsLand use:arable land: 0.89%permanent crops: 0.14%other: 98.97% (2011)Irrigated land:NATotal renewable water resources:0.6 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.19 cu km/yr (47%/53%/0%)per capita: 81.97 cu m/yr (2005)Natural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in IndonesiaEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollutionsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:focal point for Southeast Asian sea routesPeople and Society ::SingaporeNationality:noun: Singaporean(s)adjective: SingaporeEthnic groups:Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)Languages:Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)Religions:Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)Population:5,460,302 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 115Age structure:0-14 years: 13.6% (male 381,145/female 363,504)15-24 years: 18.2% (male 490,526/female 505,713)25-54 years: 50.1% (male 1,336,298/female 1,401,106)55-64 years: 9.9% (male 269,411/female 269,137)65 years and over: 8.1% (male 200,602/female 242,860) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 35.6 %youth dependency ratio: 21.8 %elderly dependency ratio: 13.8 %potential support ratio: 7.2 (2013)Median age:total: 33.6 yearsmale: 33.5 yearsfemale: 33.7 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:1.96% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 56Birth rate:7.91 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 221Death rate:3.41 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 216Net migration rate:15.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 5Urbanization:urban population: 100% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Mother's mean age at first birth:29.4 (2008 est.)Maternal mortality rate:3 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 182Infant mortality rate:total: 2.59 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 221male: 2.73 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 2.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 84.07 yearscountry comparison to the world: 4male: 81.67 yearsfemale: 86.64 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:0.79 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 224Contraceptive prevalence rate:62%note: percent of women aged 15-44 (1997)Health expenditures:4% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 168Physicians density:1.83 physicians/1,000 population (2009)Hospital bed density:3.14 beds/1,000 population (2008)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:0.1% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 129HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:3,400 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 127HIV/AIDS - deaths:fewer than 100 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 145Obesity - adult prevalence rate:7.1% (2008)country comparison to the world: 142Children under the age of 5 years underweight:3.3% (2000)country comparison to the world: 108Education expenditures:3.3% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 132Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 95.9%male: 98%female: 93.8% (2010 est.)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 6.7% (2011)country comparison to the world: 128Government ::SingaporeCountry name:conventional long form: Republic of Singaporeconventional short form: Singaporelocal long form: Republic of Singaporelocal short form: SingaporeGovernment type:parliamentary republicCapital:name: Singaporegeographic coordinates: 1 17 N, 103 51 Etime difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:noneIndependence:9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)National holiday:National Day, 9 August (1965)Constitution:3 June 1959; amended 1965 (based on pre-independence State of Singapore constitution)Legal system:English common lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCtSuffrage:21 years of age; universal and compulsoryExecutive branch:chief of state: President Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM (since 21 May 2011)cabinet: appointed by president, responsible to parliament(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: president elected by popular vote for six-year term; election last held on 27 August 2011 (next to be held by August 2017); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by presidentelection results: Tony TAN Keng Yam elected president from a field of four candidates with 35.2% of the votes castLegislative branch:unicameral Parliament (87 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members (NMP) and up to nine Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMP); traditionally, members of parties that came closest to winning seats may be appointed as NCMPs; NMPs are appointed by the president to ensure that a wide range of community views are present in Parliament; NMPs are independent and non-partisan memberselections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016)election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 60.1%, WP 12.8%, NSP 12.1%, others 15%; seats by party - PAP 81, WP 6; (seats as of February 2013 PAP 80, WP 7)Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the president or chief justice and 16 justices and organized into an upper tier Appeal Court and a lower tier High Court)judge selection and term of office: all judges appointed by the president from candidates recommended by the prime minister after consultation with the chief justice; justices appointed for lifesubordinate courts: district, magistrates', juvenile, family, community, and coroners' courts; small claims tribunalsPolitical parties and leaders:National Solidarity Party or NSP [Hazel POA]People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]Reform Party [Kenneth JEYARETNAM]Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [Desmond LIM]Singapore Democratic Party [CHEE Soon Juan]Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]Workers' Party or WP [LOW Thia Khiang]note: SDA includes Singapore Justice Party or SJP and Singapore National Malay Organization or PKMSPolitical pressure groups and leaders:noneInternational organization participation:ADB, AOSIS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FATF, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIT, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Ashok Kumar MIRPURIchancery: 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008telephone:  (202) 537-3100FAX:  (202) 537-0876consulate(s) general: New York, San FranciscoDiplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador David I. ADELMANembassy: 27 Napier Road, Singapore 258508mailing address: FPO AP 96507-0001telephone:  6476-9100FAX:  6476-9340Flag description:two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equalityNational symbol(s):lion, merlion (mythical half lion-half fish creature)National anthem:name: ""Majulah Singapura"" (Onward Singapore)lyrics/music: ZUBIR Saidnote: adopted 1965; the anthem, which was first performed in 1958 at the Victoria Theatre, is sung only in MalayEconomy ::SingaporeEconomy - overview:Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 8.6% between 2004 and 2007. The economy contracted 0.8% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded 14.8% in 2010, on the strength of renewed exports, before slowing to 5.2% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2012, largely a result of soft demand for exports during the second European recession. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to an average of about 1.0% in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.GDP (purchasing power parity):$331.9 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 41$327.6 billion (2011 est.)$311.5 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$276.5 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:1.3% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1565.2% (2011 est.)14.8% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$61,400 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 7$61,700 (2011 est.)$60,100 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:45.6% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 746.8% of GDP (2011 est.)48.2% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 39.2%government consumption: 9.7%investment in fixed capital: 24.1%investment in inventories: 2.9%exports of goods and services: 200.7%imports of goods and services: -178.5%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 0%industry: 26.8%services: 73.2% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fishIndustries:electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot tradeIndustrial production growth rate:1.2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 115Labor force:3.618 millioncountry comparison to the world: 97note: excludes non-residents (2012 est.)Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 0.1%industry: 19.6%services: 80.3%note: excludes non-residents (2011)Unemployment rate:1.9% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 102% (2011 est.)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 4.4%highest 10%: 23.2% (2008)Distribution of family income - Gini index:47.8 (2012)country comparison to the world: 2648.1 (2008)Budget:revenues: $43.44 billionexpenditures: $37.83 billionnote: expenditures include both operational and development expenditures (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:15.7% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):2% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 25Public debt:111.4% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 11106% of GDP (2011 est.)note: for Singapore, public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980sFiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):4.6% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1385.2% (2011 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:5.38% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1545.38% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$115 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 33$99.28 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$400.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 26$340.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$281.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 36$235.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$709.4 billion (31 December 2012)country comparison to the world: 21$569.4 billion (31 December 2011)$620.5 billion (31 December 2010)Current account balance:$51.44 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 11$65.32 billion (2011 est.)Exports:$435.8 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 14$434.1 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum productsExports - partners:Malaysia 12.2%, Hong Kong 10.9%, China 10.7%, Indonesia 10.5%, US 5.5%, Japan 4.6%, Australia 4.2%, South Korea 4% (2012)Imports:$374.9 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 14$361.5 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goodsImports - partners:Malaysia 10.6%, China 10.3%, US 10.2%, South Korea 6.8%, Japan 6.2%, Indonesia 5.3%, Saudi Arabia 4.5%, UAE 4.1% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$259.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 12$237.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$1.174 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 16$1.088 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:$454.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 16$517.5 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:$300.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 20$331 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:Singapore dollars (SGD) per US dollar -1.2497 (2012 est.)1.258 (2011 est.)1.3635 (2010 est.)1.4545 (2009)1.415 (2008)Energy ::SingaporeElectricity - production:45.37 billion kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Electricity - consumption:41.2 billion kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 52Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 129Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Electricity - installed generating capacity:10.47 million kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Electricity - from fossil fuels:99.8% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 48Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 198Electricity - from other renewable sources:0.2% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 89Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 183Crude oil - imports:883,500 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 12Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Refined petroleum products - production:1.357 million bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 17Refined petroleum products - consumption:1.25 million bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 19Refined petroleum products - exports:1.14 million bbl/day (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 5Refined petroleum products - imports:1.348 million bbl/day (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 4Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Natural gas - consumption:8.778 billion cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 52Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Natural gas - imports:8.778 billion cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 27Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 191Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:172.2 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 30Communications ::SingaporeTelephones - main lines in use:2.017 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 58Telephones - mobile cellular:7.794 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 90Telephone system:general assessment: excellent servicedomestic: excellent domestic facilities; launched 3G wireless service in February 2005; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity more than 180 telephones per 100 persons; multiple providers of high-speed Internet connectivity and the government is close to completing an island-wide roll out of a high-speed fiber-optic broadband networkinternational: country code - 65; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 4; supplemented by VSAT coverage (2011)Broadcast media:state controls broadcast media; 8 domestic TV stations operated by MediaCorp which is wholly owned by a state investment company; broadcasts from Malaysian and Indonesian stations available; satellite dishes banned; multi-channel cable TV service available; a total of 18 domestic radio stations broadcasting with MediaCorp operating more than a dozen and another 4 stations are closely linked to the ruling party or controlled by the Singapore Armed Forces Reservists Association; many Malaysian and Indonesian radio stations are availableInternet country code:.sgInternet hosts:1.96 million (2012)country comparison to the world: 39Internet users:3.235 million (2009)country comparison to the world: 65Transportation ::SingaporeAirports:9 (2013)country comparison to the world: 158Airports - with paved runways:total: 9over 3,047 m: 22,438 to 3,047 m: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 3914 to 1,523 m: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Pipelines:gas 122 km; refined products 8 km (2013)Roadways:total: 3,356 kmcountry comparison to the world: 163paved: 3,356 km (includes 161 km of expressways) (2009)Merchant marine:total: 1,599country comparison to the world: 6by type: bulk carrier 247, cargo 109, carrier 6, chemical tanker 256, container 339, liquefied gas 131, petroleum tanker 436, refrigerated cargo 13, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 57foreign-owned: 966 (Australia 12, Bangladesh 1, Belgium 1, Bermuda 25, Brazil 9, Chile 6, China 29, Cyprus 6, Denmark 149, France 3, Germany 32, Greece 22, Hong Kong 46, India 21, Indonesia 60, Italy 5, Japan 164, Malaysia 27, Netherlands 1, Norway 153, Russia 2, South Africa 13, South Korea 3, Sweden 11, Switzerland 3, Taiwan 77, Thailand 33, UAE 10, UK 6, US 36)registered in other countries: 344 (Australia 2, Bahamas 7, Bangladesh 7, Belize 4, Cambodia 3, Cyprus 1, France 3, Honduras 11, Hong Kong 13, Indonesia 46, Italy 1, Kiribati 9, Liberia 22, Malaysia 13, Maldives 4, Malta 4, Marshall Islands 30, Mongolia 3, North Korea 1, Panama 92, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 10, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Sierra Leone 9, Thailand 1, Tuvalu 19, US 16, Vanuatu 2, unknown 5) (2010)Ports and terminals:SingaporeTransportation - note:the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the South China Sea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adriftMilitary ::SingaporeMilitary branches:Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense) (2013)Military service age and obligation:18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 1/2 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 1,255,902 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,018,839females age 16-49: 1,087,134 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 27,098female: 25,368 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:3.6% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 32Transnational Issues ::SingaporeDisputes - international:disputes persist with Malaysia over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in 2008, ICJ awarded sovereignty of Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh/Horsburgh Island) to Singapore, and Middle Rocks to Malaysia, but did not rule on maritime regimes, boundaries, or disposition of South Ledge; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalization of their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca StraitIllicit drugs:drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Singapore — Singapore continues to play an important role in the development of the Protestant community in Southeast ASIA due to its history as a British colony, its present role as an economic powerhouse, and its extremely pluralistic religious… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
SINGAPORE — SINGAPORE, republic; major entrepôt of S.E. Asia, formerly a British crown colony. The first Jews to settle there were of Baghdadi origin, mainly from India, who migrated to Singapore in 1840 when the sassoon family established business interests … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Singapore — [siŋ′ə pôr΄, siŋ′gəpôr΄] 1. island off the S tip of the Malay Peninsula 2. country comprising this island & nearby islets: a former British colony, it became a state of Malaysia (1963 65) & an independent republic & member of the Commonwealth… … English World dictionary
Singapore — from Skt. Simhapuram Lion City, from simhah lion + puram city. The name is perhaps metaphoric of something, as no lions are found there. Singapore sling attested from 1930; said on the island to have been invented there 1915 by a barman named… … Etymology dictionary
Singapore — (spr. Singapur, d.h. Löwenburg), 1) Insel an der Südspitze der hinterindischen Halbinsel Malacca, durch viele Inseln gegen Wind u. Wellen geschützt; 16 QM. mit etwa 90,000 Ew., meist Chinesen; hat wellenförmigen Boden von nur geringer Erhebung,… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Singapore — Singapore, 15 QM. große Insel an der Südspitze der Halbinsel Malacca, mit der gleichnamigen Stadt, die einen trefflichen Hafen, über 20000 E. hat u. fortwährend zunimmt, weil sie ein Hauptplatz für den Verkehr zwischen Europa, Hinterindien und… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Singapore — This article is about the city state. For other uses, see Singapore (disambiguation). Coordinates … Wikipedia
Singapore — Singaporean, n., adj. /sing geuh pawr , pohr , sing euh /, n. 1. an island on the Strait of Singapore, off the S tip of the Malay Peninsula. 2. an independent republic comprising this island and a few adjacent islets: member of the Commonwealth… … Universalium
Singapore — Republic of Singapore (engl.) 新加坡共和国 (chin.) Republik Singapura (malai.) சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Tamil) Republik Singapur … Deutsch Wikipedia
Singapore — Indian migrants began to arrive in what was Brit ish Malaya during the 19th century, primarily with the intent of finding employment on the sug arcane and rubber plantations that British entre preneurs had established. The Crown Colony of… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism